|Title||Women’s attribution for failure to compensate after an incidence of overeating|
|Author(s)||Verkooijen, K.T.; Kleef, E. van; Selten, E.|
|Source||The European Health Psychologist 17 (2015)Supplement. - ISSN 2225-6962 - p. 835 - 835.|
|Event||European health psychology Society, Limassol, 2015-09-01/2015-09-05|
Health and Society
Marketing and Consumer Behaviour
|Publication type||Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings|
|Abstract||Background: People tend to develop compensatory intentions after
indulging in unhealthy behaviors, but rarely enact these intentions. This study explored women’s causal attribution for failure to implement compensatory intentions after an incidence of overeating. Additionally, it tested whether women with internal, vs. external, attributions differ regarding BMI, self-efficacy, intention, and perceived implementation success. Methods: An online survey, spread through social media, was completed by 478 women (Mage = 29.7 yrs., SD
= 12.4) who wanted to lose (56%) or maintain weight. Measures: frequency of overeating, self-efficacy (2 items), compensation intention (9 items), perceived success (1 item), and reason for failure (open question). The open-answers were coded as internal or external attribution. Findings: The most frequently reported reason was ‘too busy/no time’ (external).
Other reasons were ‘lack of motivation’ (internal), ‘too little self-discipline’ (internal), ‘too much temptation’ (external), and ‘situational factors’ (external). Overall, slightly more external attributions (55.1%) were reported. Internal, compared to external, attributers did not differ in BMI, but reported greater self-efficacy, intention, and perceived implementation success. Discussion: Further research should examine whether internal attributions positively predict compensatory behavior.