Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 520203
Title Live cell imaging of the cytoskeleton in Phytophthora pathogens reveals unique actin and microtubule configurations
Author(s) Kots, K.; Ketelaar, T.; Hoogen, D.J. van den; Meijer, H.J.G.; Govers, F.
Source In: Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017. - Genetics Society of America - p. 59 - 59.
Event 29th Fungal Genetics Conference, Pacific Grove, CA, 2017-03-14/2017-03-19
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
Laboratory of Cell Biology
PPO/PRI Biointeractions and Plant Health
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2017
Abstract The cytoskeleton is a dynamic but well organized intracellular network that is essential for proper functioning of eukaryotic cells. We study the cytoskeleton in Phytophthora species, oomycete plant pathogens that cause devastating diseases worldwide. We use Lifeact-eGFP expressing Phytophthora infestans for live cell imaging of the actin cytoskeleton in various developmental stages. Previously we identified actin plaques as highly immobile, long-lived structures that are unique for oomycetes. Here we present two other unique actin configurations; one associated with plug deposition in germ tubes and the other with appressoria, infection structures formed prior to host cell penetration. Plugs are composed of cell wall material that is deposited in hyphae emerging from cysts to seal off the cytoplasm-depleted base after cytoplasm retraction towards the growing tip. Preceding plug formation there is a typical local actin accumulation and during plug deposition actin remains associated with the leading edge. In appressoria we observed an aster-like actin configuration that is localized at the contact point with the underlying surface. These actin configurations strongly suggest a role for the actin cytoskeleton in plug formation and plant cell penetration. For live cell imaging of the microtubule cytoskeleton we have generated a Phytophthora palmivora transformant expressing GFP-α-tubulin which allows us to visualize the dynamics of microtubules in oomycetes for the first time. Diseases caused by oomycetes are difficult to control and this emphases the need to find novel potential drug targets specific for oomycetes. Although actin and tubulin are conserved proteins, many structural and regulatory proteins interacting with the cytoskeleton are unique for specific phylogenetic groups. The data presented here are our first attempts to better understand the structure and functioning of the Phytophthora cytoskeleton. The long term goal is to uncover oomycete or Phytophthora specific features that might be instrumental for drug design.
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