Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 523587
Title Differences in genome-wide gene expression response in PBMCs between young and old men upon caloric restriction
Author(s) Bussel, I.P.G. van; Stoppelenburg, J.A.; Groot, C.P.G.M. de; Müller, M.R.; Afman, L.A.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition Metabolism and Genomics
Chair Nutrition and Health over the Lifecourse
Human Nutrition (HNE)
Publication type Dataset
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Homo sapiens - GSE63117 - PRJNA266659
Abstract Caloric restriction (CR) is considered to increase lifespan and to prevent various age-related diseases in different non-human organisms. Only a limited number of CR studies have been performed in humans, and results put CR as a beneficial tool to decrease risk factors in several age-related diseases. The question remains at what age CR should be implemented to be most effective with respect to healthy aging. The aim of our study was to elucidate the role of age in the transcriptional response to a 30% CR diet in immune cells, as immune response is affected during aging. Ten healthy young men, aged 20-34, and nine healthy old men, aged 64-85, were subjected to a two week weight maintenance diet, followed by three weeks of 30% CR. Before and after 30% CR, peripheral blood mononuclear cells’ (PBMCs) whole genome gene expression was assessed. Expression of 554 genes showed a different response between young and old men upon CR. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed a downregulation of gene sets involved in immune response in young men, but not in old men. At baseline, immune response-related genes were already higher expressed in old compared to young men. Upstream regulator analyses revealed that most potential regulators were controlling immune response, and were inhibited in young men upon CR, and activated in old men at baseline. Based on the gene expression data, we conclude that a short period of CR is more effective in young men compared to old men regarding immune related pathways.
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