Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 524379
Title Interactions between vegetation, atmospheric turbulence and clouds under a wide range of background wind conditions
Author(s) Sikma, M.; Ouwersloot, H.G.; Pedruzo-Bagazgoitia, X.; Heerwaarden, C.C. van; Vilà-Guerau de Arellano, J.
Source Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 255 (2018). - ISSN 0168-1923 - p. 31 - 43.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.07.001
Department(s) Crop and Weed Ecology
Meteorology and Air Quality
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Cloud shading - Cloud streets - Land-atmosphere interaction - Plant transpiration - Roll vortex - Surface heterogeneity
Abstract The effects of plant responses to cumulus (Cu) cloud shading are studied from free convective to shear-driven boundary-layer conditions. By using a large-eddy simulation (LES) coupled to a plant physiology embedded land-surface submodel, we study the vegetation-cloud feedbacks for a wide range (44) of atmospheric and plant stomatal conditions. The stomatal relaxation time is prescribed as an instantaneous, symmetrical (10, 15 and 20min) and asymmetrical (5min closing, 10min opening) response, and the background wind ranges from 0 to 20ms-1. We show that in free convective, non-shading (i.e. transparent) cloud conditions the near-surface updraft region is marked by an enhanced CO2 assimilation rate (A n; 7%) and increased latent (LE; 9%) and sensible heat (H; 19%) fluxes. When we introduce Cu shading, we find an enhancement in plant transpiration and CO2 assimilation rates under optically thin clouds due to an increase in diffuse radiation. However, these effects vanish when a background wind is present and the Cu are advected. Optically thick clouds reduce the assimilation rate and surface fluxes under all simulated wind conditions.With increasing background wind, the shaded surface area is enlarged due to Cu tilting. The consequent decrease in surface fluxes by a reduction in incoming radiation, is partly offset due to an enhancement in the surface exchange and turbulent mixing as a result of stronger wind speeds. Different and non-linear processes control the H and LE response to shading. H is mainly radiation driven, whereas plant responses dampen the shading effects on LE. As a result, the regional averaged (48km2) reduction in H and LE are found to be 18% and 5%, respectively, compared to non-shading cloud conditions. Surprisingly, a nearly uniform regional net radiation reduction of 11% is found, with only a deviation between all 35 Cu shading cases of 0.5% (i.e. 1.2Wm-2) at the moment of maximum cloud cover. By comparing four representative simulations that are equal in net available energy, but differ in interactive and prescribed surface energy fluxes, we find a relative reduction in cloud cover between 5 and 10% during the maximum cloud cover period when the dynamic surface heterogeneity is neglected. We conclude that the local and spatial dynamic surface heterogeneity influences Cu development, while the Cu-vegetation coupling becomes progressively weaker with increasing stomatal relaxation time and background wind.
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