|Title||Inheemsche arbeid in de Java-suikerindustrie|
|Source||University. Promotor(en): J.E. van der Stok. - Wageningen : Veenman - 346|
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||Saccharum officinarum - suikerriet - arbeid (werk) - arbeidseconomie - werkgelegenheid - werk - werkorganisatie - arbeidskunde - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - Indonesië - suikerindustrie - Java - nederlands indië - sugarcane - labour - labour economics - employment - work - organization of work - work study - farm management - Indonesia - sugar industry - netherlands east indies|
|Categories||Sugarcane / Rural History of South-East Asia|
|Abstract||Levert analysed the dualistic character of the Java sugar industry (entailing the cultivation of sugar-cane on peasant farms). The significance and use of labour was discussed as a factor of production in indigenous societies. A historical analysis was presented on the use of native labour during the period 1600-1879, when the Government's measures on labour were most strongly felt.
Since 1879, private enterprises came into prominence and the period consisted of two stages, the first until 1918, with attempts to solve the labour problems in an individual patriarchal way and a second one (1918-1930), when political economic problems caused an interplay of three factors: government, indigenous population and the centralized sugar industry. The impact of the world crisis on this industry in the early thirties was discussed and suggestions were made on the status and use of indigenous labour.