Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 525453
Title Hoema's, hoemablokken en boschreserves in de residentie Bantam
Author(s) Kools, J.F.
Source University. Promotor(en): A. te Wechel. - Wageningen : Veenman - 187
Publication type Dissertation, internally prepared
Publication year 1935
Keyword(s) bosbouw - zwerflandbouw - java - nederlands indië - forestry - shifting cultivation - netherlands east indies
Categories Agroforestry / Rural History of South-East Asia
Abstract The conflict whether certain districts of indigenous forest should be assigned to agriculture or forestry, had been more heated in Bantam than in all the outlying provinces of the Netherlands East Indies. At the beginning of this century an abortive attempt was made to eliminate shifting (ladang or hoema) cultivation. To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the hoema system with special reference to forest reservation, the author studied the hoema cultivation as an agricultural system, its consequences for local people and for other land use, crop yields, the traditional (adat) law and the legal hoema regulations in Bantam. Kools arrived at the conclusion that the aims in the hoema region should be: 1. Establishment of field crops between young forest tree seedlings (Taungya system) to provide immediate relief; 2. research into intensification of the hoema cultivation; 3. rigorous checks against illegal reclamation.

Hoema cultivation must be considered as a primitive extensive agricultural system, which did not need to exhaust the soil, but usually did. It was recommended that shifting cultivation be restricted to particular forest blocks, also in the rest of Java and in Madoera.

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