|Title||Het Lelydorpplan in Suriname : Inleiding tot het vraagstuk van de landontwikkeling op arme gronden in een tropisch gebied|
|Source||University. Promotor(en): J.A. van Beukering. - Wageningen : Verweij - 120|
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - landbouwbedrijven - modernisering - innovaties - suriname - plattelandsplanning - plattelandsontwikkeling - sociale economie - economische planning - agriculture - farm management - farms - modernization - innovations - rural planning - rural development - socioeconomics - economic planning|
|Categories||Development Studies (General) / Land Development (General)|
|Abstract||In 1950 the Welvaartsfonds (The Prosperity Fund) established the Lelydorp Project; a pilot scheme to develop sound fulltime family farms in the Old Coastal Plain. The area was 450,000 ha of sparsely populated rolling sandy ridges covered with tropical rain-forest.
Land development required a general survey of natural conditions and indigenous farming skill, technical research on crops and rotations, and economical studies to define farm types fulfilling economic and social needs.
Soils varied. Most were poor, degenerated rapidly after felling vegetation and easily eroded even on slight slopes. Thus farm allocation should be based on topography and soil conservation.
Technical studies were outlined on reclamation, tree crops (citrus, cocoa, coconuts, oil palm), animal husbandry, fodder crops and pasture land, arable crops and crop rotations.
On preliminary data, 45 farms of 5.8 or 11 ha were allocated, concentrating on crops and livestock. Selection, guidance and assistance (machine pool, marketing, credit) of farmers were discussed.
As tree crops were not yet bearing, input-output results were only provisional.
An analysis of daily, farm by farm, reports of labour use per component (live stock, tree crops, arable land, mixed crops) showed that over the year 1954 on the farms of 11, 8 and 5 ha 1048, 759 and 750 hours, respectively, were spent per ha. For the tree crops these figures were 618, 468 and 364 hours.
The larger farms depended more on outside help (51 % of total labour) and could not be considered family farms; the higher labour per ha indicated that they were beyond the farmer's management skill.
In future full-time farms between 5 and 8 ha of a simplified type were recommended. Application of the technical results on smaller, part-time farms was advocated.