Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 525540
Title Enkele aspecten van de Franse landbouw
Author(s) Meel, C.J. van
Source University. Promotor(en): E.W. Hofstee. - 's-Hertogenbosch : [s.n.] - 171
Publication type Dissertation, internally prepared
Publication year 1957
Keyword(s) landbouw - frankrijk - agriculture - france
Categories Agriculture in Europe
Abstract Before the war French agriculture lagged far behind that of other countries. Both then and since it had been better north than south of the Loire. This was caused by many differences such as those in climate, soil type, aspect and use of the soil, variety and quality of crops, types of cattle, agricultural education, extension and cooperation. In farm size the monocultures in south-east (wine) and southern France were an exception. Co-operatives included some wine caves and fruit- marketing organizations. Owned and rented properties occurred throughout France. The 'métayage' and its consequences existed only south of the Loire and was one of the most harmful factors in central and southern France. The 'Statut du fermage et du métayage' of 1946 had already caused much improvement.

After a discussion of rural depopulation the writer pointed out that wheat, pig meat and butter were not of sufficient quality and cheese did not keep well enough for large-scale export. Alcohol surpluses and alcoholism were further problems. Those agricultural regions and farms which had already been most modernized, and had taken the most initiatives, had profited most by State aid after the war.

This had accentuated the difference between the regions and between farms.

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