|Title||De kolonien van de Maatschappij van Weldadigheid (1818-1859) : een landbouwkundig en sociaal-economisch experiment|
|Source||University. Promotor(en): B.H. Slicher van Bath. - Assen : Van Gorcum - 229|
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||patiënten - migratie - kolonisatie - landbouw - gehandicapten - geschiedenis - nederland - agrarische geschiedenis - drenthe - patients - migration - colonization - agriculture - people with disabilities - history - netherlands - agricultural history|
|Categories||Rural History of the Netherlands|
|Abstract||The Benevolent Society of the Netherlands was founded in 1818 as a private society to improve the situation of the poor. The Society bought vast areas of waste land on the borders of the provinces of Drenthe, Upper Yssel and Friesland. By reclamation and agriculture the Society offered means of subsistence to some thousands of people who migrated from the towns to live in the free pauper settlements.
From existing literature and the archives of the Society the author described the agricultural composition of this development project, including the method of reclamation, size of farms, crop rotation and other aspects of farm management, yield figures, labour and tenancy conditions, and educational organization.
The introductory chapter briefly describes poverty in the Netherlands about 1815 and the structure of traditional agriculture in Drenthe. Also some demographic details are mentioned about the population of the settlements. Development after the reorganization of 1859 is summarized in the last chapter.