Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 531354
Title A review of human thermal comfort experiments in controlled and semi-controlled environments
Author(s) Craenendonck, Stijn Van; Lauriks, Leen; Vuye, Cedric; Kampen, Jarl
Source Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 82 (2018). - ISSN 1364-0321 - p. 3365 - 3378.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.10.053
Department(s) WASS
Biometris (WU MAT)
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Climate chamber - Experiment - Methodology - Questionnaire - Survey - Thermal comfort
Abstract There are three main methods to improve thermal comfort in existing buildings: modeling, experiments and measurements. Regarding experiments, no standardized procedure exists. This article provides an answer to the question: “What is the most common practice for human thermal comfort experiments in (semi-)controlled environments?”. A total of 166 articles presenting results on 206 experiments were collected and analyzed to extrapolate the most common practice. The results are arranged in five main themes: subjects (e.g. number and age), climate chamber (e.g. surface area), thermal environment, experimental procedure (e.g. phases and duration), and questionnaire. A typical experiment was found to employ 25 subjects and to take place in a permanent climate chamber with a floor area of 24 m2 During the experiment, 3 air temperature variations are used. The test itself takes 115 min, but is preceded by a preconditioning and conditioning phase. The subject is given a questionnaire at regular intervals of 15 min, with questions highly dependent on topic, but including thermal sensation and comfort vote rated on a bipolar 7-level scale. Number of subjects, gender distribution, type and floor area of the climate chamber and utilization rate of the scale for rating thermal comfort and sensation are all linked to topic, as well as number of different air temperatures, whether conditioning is employed and questions in the questionnaire. Several links between experiment characteristics reciprocally are also identified.
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