Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 531385
Title Data from: Feeding preference as a main determinant of microscale patchiness among terrestrial nematodes
Author(s) Quist, C.W.; Gort, G.; Mulder, Christian; Wilbers, R.H.P.; Termorshuizen, A.J.; Bakker, J.; Helder, J.
DOI https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1g439
Department(s) Laboratory of Nematology
Biometris (WU MAT)
PE&RC
EPS
Publication type Dataset
Publication year 2017
Keyword(s) nematode community - quantitative PCR - bio-indicators - spatial distribution - trophic group
Abstract Soil biota are responsible for essential ecosystem services such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling and water retention. However, assessment of the condition of soil biota is hampered by an overwhelming level of diversity. With representatives in all trophic levels of the food web, nematode communities can be used as bio-indicators. Accurate assessment of nematode assemblages requires insight in the distribution of specimens with distinct food preferences. With the availability of taxon-specific quantitative-PCR assays, distribution patterns of multiple nematode groups can be investigated simultaneously. Here, microscale patchiness of 45 nematode taxa was studied on 12 sampling sites (each with four adjacent microplots) located on arable fields or semi-natural grasslands (‘system’), and on marine-, river clay or sandy soils (‘soil type’). From each microplot five composite samples were collected. Contrary to our expectations, an increase of the number of cores per composite sample did not result in more accurate measurements, and apparently the levels of microscale patchiness of the taxa are low compared to what has been reported for oligophagous plant-parasites. System and soil type did not affect microscale distribution. To investigate the level of patchiness in more detail, detection probability (DP) and variability of abundances were calculated. Common and widespread bacterivorous and fungivorous taxa had DP ≥ 90%, confirming low level of microscale patchiness. With DPs of 40-70%, predators and most omnivores showed degrees of local clustering. An overview of mean variabilities of abundances is presented that offers insight in how feeding preferences impact the microscale distribution both between and within trophic groups.
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