Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 531544
Title Changing climate policy paradigms in Bangladesh and Nepal
Author(s) Vij, Sumit; Biesbroek, Robbert; Groot, Annemarie; Termeer, Katrien
Source Environmental Science & Policy 81 (2018). - ISSN 1462-9011 - p. 77 - 85.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2017.12.010
Department(s) Public Administration and Policy
WASS
WIMEK
Alterra - Climate change and adaptive land and water management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Bangladesh - Changing policy paradigms - Climate change adaptation - Drivers of change - Modes of change - Nepal
Abstract The aim of this article is to explain and compare the changes in climate policy paradigms (CPPs) of Bangladesh and Nepal. Climate policies are shaped by the underlying CPPs that refer to a dominant set of prevailing and institutionalized ideas and strategies to reduce the impacts of climate change. We focus the analysis on the timeframe between 1997 and 2016, using policy documents (n = 46) and semi-structured interviews (n = 43) with key policy actors. We find that in both countries several CPPs have emerged: disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation, mainstreaming, and localized action for adaptation. In Bangladesh, specific policy goals and instruments for each CPP have emerged, whereas in Nepal the government has been struggling to develop specific policy instruments to implement the paradigms. We conclude that competing CPPs currently exist which creates diversified policy responses to climate change impacts in both countries. This ‘layering’ of different CPPs can be attributed to drivers such as unstable political situation, lack of financial support, influence of national and international non-governmental organizations and global policy frameworks. The findings in our study are relevant to further discussions on how to design future climate policy responses to adapt to climate change.
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