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Record number 531587
Title Indigenous and Scientific Kinds
Author(s) Ludwig, David
Source The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (2017)1. - ISSN 0007-0882 - p. 187 - 212.
Department(s) Knowledge Technology and Innovation
Wageningen School of Social SciencesWASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Abstract The aim of this article is to discuss the relation between indigenous and scientific kinds on the basis of contemporary ethnobiological research. I argue that ethnobiological accounts of taxonomic convergence–divergence patters challenge common philosophical models of the relation between folk concepts and natural kinds. Furthermore, I outline a positive model of taxonomic convergence–divergence patterns that is based on Slater's ([2015]) notion of ‘stable property clusters’ and Franklin-Hall's ([2015]) discussion of natural kinds as ‘categorical bottlenecks’. Finally, I argue that this model is not only helpful for understanding the relation between indigenous and scientific kinds, but also makes substantial contributions to contemporary debates about natural kinds.
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