Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 533326
Title Humusica 1, article 5: Terrestrial humus systems and forms — Keys of classification of humus systems and forms
Author(s) Zanella, Augusto; Ponge, Jean François; Jabiol, Bernard; Sartori, Giacomo; Kolb, Ekart; Bayon, Renée Claire Le; Gobat, Jean Michel; Aubert, Michaël; Waal, Rein de; Delft, Bas van; Vacca, Andrea; Serra, Gianluca; Chersich, Silvia; Andreetta, Anna; Kõlli, Raimo; Brun, Jean Jacques; Cools, Nathalie; Englisch, Michael; Hager, Herbert; Katzensteiner, Klaus; Brêthes, Alain; Nicola, Cristina De; Testi, Anna; Bernier, Nicolas; Graefe, Ulfert; Wolf, Ugo; Juilleret, Jérôme; Garlato, Andrea; Obber, Silvia; Galvan, Paola; Zampedri, Roberto; Frizzera, Lorenzo; Tomasi, Mauro; Banas, Damien; Bureau, Fabrice; Tatti, Dylan; Salmon, Sandrine; Menardi, Roberto; Fontanella, Fausto; Carraro, Vinicio; Pizzeghello, Diego; Concheri, Giuseppe; Squartini, Andrea; Cattaneo, Dina; Scattolin, Linda; Nardi, Serenella; Nicolini, Gianni; Viola, Franco
Source Applied Soil Ecology 122 (2018). - ISSN 0929-1393 - p. 75 - 86.
Department(s) Alterra - Vegetation, forest and landscape ecology
Alterra - Soil, water and land use
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Humus - Humus classification - Humus forms - Humus systems - Humusica - Terrestrial humus forms
Abstract This article is an as simple as possible key of classification of terrestrial (aerobic, not submersed) topsoils (organic and organic-mineral series of soil horizons). Based on the introduction exposed in Humusica 1, article 1, and using vocabulary and definitions listed in article 4, a classification is proposed for better understanding the biological functioning of the soil, partially disclosing the process of litter digestion. Five types of terrestrial topsoils, called terrestrial humus systems, are described and illustrated with the help of photographs. Within each humus system, 3–4 humus forms are also revealed, corresponding to similar series of soil horizons generated in a relatively homogeneous environment whose range of ecological factors is not so large to overstep and cause the genesis of another different humus system. The article ends with a figure that shows the relationship between Tangel and Amphi humus systems, and a dichotomous key of classification that one can easily print and bring in the field for practicing humus classification.
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