Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 533630
Title Implication of cow-calf contact for dairy calf health and welfare
Author(s) Wenker, Margret; Bokkers, E.A.M.; Reenen, C.G. van; Boer, I.J.M. de; Verwer, Cynthia
Event WIAS Science Day 2018, Wageningen, 2018-02-05/2018-02-05
Department(s) LR - Animal Behaviour & Welfare
WASS
Animal Production Systems
WIAS
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2018
Abstract In animal husbandry, dairy cattle is one of domestic animal species that is withheld from maternal care by separating cow and calf shortly after birth. Receiving no or limited maternal care may not only affect the health and welfare of the young animal, but may also influence social and biological functioning later in life as dairy cow. Knowledge on the effects of maternal care on adaptive capacity and resilience in dairy cattle is currently lacking. Moreover, especially long-term effects of cow-calf contact and suckling on calves’ social and biological development are unknown. This project aims to investigate rearing methods with different levels and components of maternal care. Objectives are to determine i) which cow-factors (e.g. colostrum, suckling, tactile stimulation, physical contact) are most relevant for calf health and welfare; and ii) if these potential factors can be mimicked or implemented in practice. It is hypothesised that optimal rearing conditions improve resilience, adaptive capacity and disease resistance later in life during critical phases including weaning, transition period and transport between facilities. Therefore, several levels and durations of maternal contact as well as different separation and weaning methods are examined with regard to their impact on behavioural, physiological, immunological, and microbiological response parameters throughout the rearing period and (early) adulthood in both male and female calves. Additionally, the relevance of suckling for both calf and cow is assessed using motivational response parameters. Ultimately, new scientific insights will be translated into practical methods to improve calf rearing practices on dairy farms.
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