Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 533641
Title Transcription factor mediated control of anthocyanin biosynthesis in vegetative tissues
Author(s) Outchkourov, N.S.; Karlova, R.B.; Hölscher, Matthijs; Schrama, Xandra; Blilou, I.; Jongedijk, E.J.; Diez Simon, C.; Dijk, A.D.J. van; Bosch, H.J.; Hall, R.D.; Beekwilder, M.J.
Source Plant Physiology 176 (2018)2. - ISSN 0032-0889 - p. 1862 - 1878.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.01662
Department(s) PPO/PRI - Bioscience
Laboratory of Plant Physiology
Plant Developmental Biology
Biometris (WU MAT)
Bioinformatics
PRI BIOS Applied Metabolic Systems
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Availibility Full text available from 2019-02-06
Abstract Plants accumulate secondary metabolites to adapt to environmental conditions. These compounds, here exemplified by the purple-colored anthocyanins, are accumulated upon high temperatures, UV-light, drought, and nutrient deficiencies, and may contribute to tolerance to these stresses. Producing compounds is often part of a more broad response of the plant to changes in the environment. Here we investigate how a transcription-factor-mediated program for controlling anthocyanin biosynthesis also has effects on formation of specialized cell structures and changes in the plant root architecture. A systems biology approach was developed in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) for coordinated induction of biosynthesis of anthocyanins, in a tissue- and development-independent manner. A transcription factor couple from Antirrhinum that is known to control anthocyanin biosynthesis was introduced in tomato under control of a dexamethasone-inducible promoter. By application of dexamethasone, anthocyanin formation was induced within 24 h in vegetative tissues and in undifferentiated cells. Profiles of metabolites and gene expression were analyzed in several tomato tissues. Changes in concentration of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds were observed in all tested tissues, accompanied by induction of the biosynthetic pathways leading from Glc to anthocyanins. A number of pathways that are not known to be involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis were observed to be regulated. Anthocyanin-producing plants displayed profound physiological and architectural changes, depending on the tissue, including root branching, root epithelial cell morphology, seed germination, and leaf conductance. The inducible anthocyanin-production system reveals a range of phenomena that accompanies anthocyanin biosynthesis in tomato, including adaptions of the plants architecture and physiology.
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