Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 534311
Title Controls on the onset and termination of past hypoxia in the Baltic Sea
Author(s) Papadomanolaki, Nina M.; Dijkstra, Nikki; Helmond, Niels A.G.M. Van; Hagens, Mathilde; Bauersachs, Thorsten; Kotthoff, Ulrich; Sangiorgi, Francesca; Slomp, Caroline P.
Source Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 490 (2018). - ISSN 0031-0182 - p. 347 - 354.
Department(s) Chair Soil Chemistry and Chemical Soil Quality
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract The Baltic Sea is currently the largest marine hypoxic (O2 < 2 mg L− 1) ‘dead zone’ following excessive nutrient input from anthropogenic activities over the past century. Widespread hypoxia has previously developed in the Baltic Sea during the Holocene Thermal Maximum (HTM; 8–4 ka before present; BP) and the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA; 1.4–0.7 ka BP). Here we study the mechanisms that contributed to the onset and termination of this past hypoxia using geochemical and marine palynological data from a sediment record retrieved from the Landsort Deep during IODP Expedition 347 (Site M0063). Dinoflagellate cyst records and TEX86L-based sea surface temperature reconstructions indicate a major increase in salinity and temperature prior to and across the onset of the HTM hypoxic interval, underlining the importance of both temperature and salinity stratification in providing conditions conducive to the onset of hypoxia. Both salinity and temperature decline during the termination of the HTM hypoxic interval. In contrast, we find no evidence for significant changes in surface salinity during the MCA hypoxic interval and both the onset and termination of hypoxia appear to have been primarily driven by changes in temperature. Our results indicate that temperature and salinity changes were key drivers of past hypoxia in the Baltic Sea and imply that ongoing climate change will delay recovery from the modern, nutrient-driven hypoxic event in the Baltic Sea.
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