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Record number 534383
Title Laccase-Mediated Grafting on Biopolymers and Synthetic Polymers : A Critical Review
Author(s) Slagman, Sjoerd; Zuilhof, Han; Franssen, Maurice C.R.
Source ChemBioChem 19 (2018)4. - ISSN 1439-4227 - p. 288 - 311.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.201700518
Department(s) Laboratory for Organic Chemistry
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) biomass - enzyme catalysis - grafting - polymers - surface chemistry
Abstract Laccase-mediated grafting on lignocelluloses has gained considerable attention as an environmentally benign method to covalently modify wood, paper and cork. In recent decades this technique has also been employed to modify fibres with a polysaccharide backbone, such as cellulose or chitosan, to infer colouration, antimicrobial activity or antioxidant activity to the material. The scope of this approach has been further widened by researchers, who apply mediators or high redox potential laccases and those that modify synthetic polymers and proteins. In all cases, the methodology relies on one- or two-electron oxidation of the surface functional groups or of the graftable molecule in solution. However, similar results can very often be achieved through simple deposition, even after extensive washing. This unintended adsorption of the active substance could have an adverse effect on the durability of the applied coating. Differentiating between actual covalent binding and adsorption is therefore essential, but proves to be challenging. This review not only covers excellent research on the topic of laccase-mediated grafting over the last five to ten years, but also provides a critical comparison to highlight either the lack or presence of compelling evidence for covalent grafting.
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