Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 535618
Title Critical biofilm growth throughout unmodified carbon felts allows continuous bioelectrochemical chain elongation from CO2 up to caproate at high current density
Author(s) Jourdin, Ludovic; Raes, Sanne M.T.; Buisman, Cees J.N.; Strik, David P.B.T.B.
Source Frontiers in Energy Research 6 (2018)MAR. - ISSN 2296-598X
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2018.00007
Department(s) Sub-department of Environmental Technology
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Biocatalysis - Bioelectrochemical chain elongation - Biofilm - Caproate - Carbon dioxide utilization - Microbial electrosynthesis
Abstract Current challenges for microbial electrosynthesis include the production of higher value chemicals than acetate, at high rates, using cheap electrode materials. We demonstrate here the continuous, biofilm-driven production of acetate (C2), n-butyrate (nC4), and n-caproate (nC6) from sole CO2 on unmodified carbon felt electrodes. No other organics were detected. This is the first quantified continuous demonstration of n-caproate production from CO2 using an electrode as sole electron donor. During continuous nutrients supply mode, a thick biofilm was developed covering the whole thickness of the felt (1.2-cm deep), which coincided with high current densities and organics production rates. Current density reached up to -14 kA melectrode -3 (-175 A m-2). Maximum sustained production rates of 9.8 ± 0.65 g L-1 day-1 C2, 3.2 ± 0.1 g L-1 day-1 nC4, and 0.95 ± 0.05 g L-1 day-1 nC6 were achieved (averaged between duplicates), at electron recoveries of 60-100%. Scanning electron micrographs revealed a morphologically highly diverse biofilm with long filamentous microorganism assemblies (~400 μm). n-Caproate is a valuable chemical for various industrial application, e.g., it can be used as feed additives or serve as precursor for liquid biofuels production.
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