|Title||Impacts of natural hazards in Europe|
|Author(s)||Groeve, Tom De; Kurnik, Blaz; Mysiak, J.; Swart, R.J.; Semenza, Jan C.; Kendrovski, Vladimir; Kramer, K.; Ivits, Eva; Vanneuville, W.; Carrera, Lorenzo; Blauhut, V.; Erhard, M.; Christiansen, Trine|
|Source||In: Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in Europe / Castellari, Sergio, Kurnik, Blaz, EEA - European Environment Agency (EEA Report 15/2017) - ISBN 9789292138936 - p. 92 - 115.|
Alterra - Climate change and adaptive land and water management
Alterra - Vegetation, forest and landscape ecology
|Publication type||Chapter in scientific book|
|Abstract||Climate change has caused noticeable effects on human health in Europe, mainly as a result of extreme events, an increase in climate-sensitive diseases, and a deterioration in environmental and social conditions. Heat waves were the
deadliest extreme weather event in the period 1991–2015 in Europe.
Increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather- and climate-related events may lead to more disastrous impacts on ecosystems and their services. Management of ecosystems can help to avoid or significantly reduce these impacts.
The total reported economic losses caused by extreme weather- and climate-related events in the EEA member countries over the period 1980-2015 amount to around EUR 433 billion (in 2015 values). A large share of the total losses (70 %) has been caused by a small number of events (3 %).