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Record number 536313
Title Dairy shows different associations with abdominal and BMI-defined overweight: cross-sectional analyses exploring a variety of dairy products
Author(s) Brouwer, E.M.; Sluik, D.; Singh-Povel, C.M.; Feskens, E.J.M.
Source Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases 28 (2018)5. - ISSN 0939-4753 - p. 451 - 460.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2018.01.008
Department(s) Human Nutrition (HNE)
VLAG
Chair Nutrition and Health over the Lifecourse
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Availibility Full text available from 2019-03-30
Abstract Background and aims: Previous studies suggest weight-regulatory properties for several dairy nutrients, but population-based studies on dairy and body weight are inconclusive. We explored cross-sectional associations between dairy consumption and indicators of overweight. Methods and results: We included 114 682 Dutch adults, aged ≥18y. Dairy consumption was quantified by a food frequency questionnaire. Abdominal overweight was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥88 (women) or ≥102 (men) cm (n=37 391), overweight as BMI ≥25-30 kg/m2 (n=44 772), and obesity as BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (n=15 339). Associations were quantified by logistic (abdominal overweight, no/yes), multinomial logistic (BMI-defined overweight and obesity) and linear regression analyses (continuous measures of WC and BMI), and adjusted for relevant covariates. Total dairy was positively associated with abdominal overweight (OR Q1ref vs Q5: 1.09; 95% CI: 1.04, 1.14), and BMI-defined overweight (ORQ5 1.13; 95% CI: 1.08, 1.18) and obesity (ORQ5 1.09; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.16). Positive associations were also observed of skimmed, semi-skimmed, and non-fermented dairy with overweight categories. Full-fat dairy was inversely associated with overweight and obesity (ORQ5 for obesity: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.73, 0.83). Moreover, inverse associations were observed for yogurt and custard, and positive associations for milk, buttermilk, flavoured yogurt drinks, cheese, and cheese snacks. Fermented dairy, curd cheese and Dutch cheese were not consistently associated with overweight categories. Conclusions: Total, skimmed, semi-skimmed, and non-fermented dairy, milk, buttermilk, flavoured yogurt drinks, total cheese, and cheese snacks were positively associated with overweight categories, whereas full-fat dairy, custard, and yogurt were inversely associated with overweight categories.
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