Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 536511
Title Rights or ability : Access to plant genetic resources in India
Author(s) Patnaik, A.; Jongerden, J.P.; Ruivenkamp, G.T.P.
Source Journal of World Intellectual Property 21 (2018)3-4. - ISSN 1422-2213 - p. 157 - 175.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jwip.12102
Department(s) Rural Sociology
WASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) ability - access - commons - intellectual property rights - plant genetic resources - Intellectual property rights
Abstract The difficulties that stakeholders face in accessing plant genetic resources have been a concern of many scholars since the introduction of intellectual property rights. One of these issues is that of access, which is mostly approached from a rights perspective. Here it is argued that such a rights perspective limits a critical reflection on the possibilities for enhancing accessibility to the Plant Genetic Resources (PGRs) on three grounds and to go beyond this limitation, we introduce an ability perspective. The ability perspective brings into focus how farmers organise their access to PGRs and is researched in four PGRs conservation banks in India; one ex situ and three in situ. An informal system of conservation (in situ) and sharing through informal networks is found to provide better access mechanisms for the small and marginal farmers in India, while access to conserved resources stored at the three in situ banks created biosocial
relations and biosocial commons. However, each case studied had certain disadvantages in respect of granting access to the farmers, so additional mechanisms to facilitate better access to the conserved resources are suggested.
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