Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 536562
Title Women Empowerment Through Self-Help Groups : The Bittersweet Fruits of Collective Apple Cultivation in Highland Ethiopia
Author(s) Alemu, Sintayehu Hailu; Kempen, Luuk Van; Ruben, Ruerd
Source Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 19 (2018)3. - ISSN 1945-2829 - p. 308 - 330.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19452829.2018.1454407
Department(s) LEI Programmamanagement
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Apple cultivation - Bargaining power - Ethiopia - Impact evaluation - Keywords: Women empowerment - Male backlash - Self-help groups
Abstract

This paper deals with the impact of self-help groups (SHGs) in apple production on empowering women in the Chencha district of Southern Ethiopia. Impact is traced on the basis of a cross-sectional survey among SHG members and nonmembers, using propensity score matching. Apart from the attitudinal changes among SHG and non-SHG women, we also scrutinize differences in male attitudes concerning the status of women. The results point towards positive and significant impacts of SHG participation on empowerment at the community level, which suggests that SHGs offer an effective space for women to share information and raise awareness about their rights. This could in turn be harnessed collectively to negotiate more “room to maneuver” in the community. At the same time, however, the data hint at negative effects from group participation at the household level. The attitudinal differences between treatment and control group indicate more conflictive relations between spouses, arguably due to an intensified fight to assert control over household resources. Hence, the evidence is consistent with a potential “backlash effect” from husbands.

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