Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 536579
Title Do locals have a say? Local participation in governance of forest plantations in Tanzania and Mozambique
Author(s) Degnet, M.B.; Werf, D.C. van der; Ingram, V.J.; Wesseler, J.H.H.
Event Second International Forest Policy Meeting (2IFPM), Wageningen, 2018-04-11/2018-04-13
Department(s) Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group
Alterra - Vegetation, forest and landscape ecology
WASS
Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2018
Abstract With the expansion of large-scale forest plantations in developing countries, concerns are rising about their relation and integration with adjacent local communities. Local participation in forest governance can potentially affect the distributional effects of plantations’ benefits and mitigate possible adverse effects. Using data from villages adjacent to forest plantations in Tanzania and Mozambique, we explore differences in local participation between plantations. In Tanzania, we assess if there are differences in local participation in private and state-owned plantations. In Mozambique, we compare local participation in certified private plantations with local participation in a conventionally managed private plantation to examine the relation between certification standards and local forest governance outcomes. Our quantitative analysis shows that households in villages adjacent to private certified plantations are more likely to have a say in the activities of the plantations than households in villages adjacent to non-certified private and state owned plantations. We use insights from access theory to explain our findings: private plantations may have more incentives to involve local people to guarantee their investments in plantations than state-owned plantations. Certification requirements may also strengthen these incentives by requiring plantations to comply with national regulations and international conventions to identify and uphold customary rights of local communities and address their concerns. While households in villages adjacent to certified private forest plantations in Tanzania are more likely to report that they are satisfied with their say, we did not find a significant result in Mozambique. We further found that some social groups (male-headed, with more education and those who work for plantations) are more likely to have a say in plantations activities than their counterparts in both countries. We emphasize that improved and fair local participation in governance of plantations is vital in terms of the sustainability of large-scale plantations and integrating them in rural landscapes
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