Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 537480
Title Evaluation of a single extraction test to estimate the human oral bioaccessibility of potentially toxic elements in soils : Towards more robust risk assessment
Author(s) Rodrigues, S.M.; Cruz, N.; Carvalho, L.; Duarte, A.C.; Pereira, E.; Boim, A.G.F.; Alleoni, L.R.F.; Römkens, P.F.A.M.
Source Science of the Total Environment 635 (2018). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 188 - 202.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.063
Department(s) Alterra - Sustainable soil management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) ISO-17586:2016 - Oral bioaccessibility - Potentially toxic elements - Risk assessment - SBET - UBM
Abstract Intake of soil by children and adults is a major exposure pathway to contaminants including potentially toxic elements (PTEs). However, only the fraction of PTEs released in stomach and intestine are considered as bioaccessible and results from routine analyses of the total PTE content in soils, therefore, are not necessarily related to the degree of bioaccessibility. Experimental methods to determine bioaccessibility usually are time-consuming and relatively complicated in terms of analytical procedures which limits application in first tier assessments. In this study we evaluated the potential suitability of a recently developed single extract method (ISO-17586:2016) using dilute (0.43 M) nitric acid (HNO3) to mimic the bioaccessible fraction of PTEs in soils. Results from 204 soils from Portugal, Brazil and the Netherlands including all major soil types and a wide range of PTEs' concentrations showed that the extraction efficiency using 0.43 M HNO3 of Ba, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in soils is related to that of in vitro methods including the Simple Bioaccessibility Extraction Test (SBET) and Unified BARGE Method (UBM). Also, differences in the degree of bioaccessibility resulting from differences in parent material, geology and climate conditions did not affect the response of the 0.43 M HNO3 extraction which is a prerequisite to be able to compare results from different soils. The use of 0.43 M HNO3 as a first screening of bioaccessibility therefore offers a robust and representative way to be included in first tier standard soil tests to estimate the oral bioaccessibility. Capsule: The single dilute (0.43 M) nitric acid extraction can be used in first tier soil risk assessment to assess both geochemical reactivity and oral bioaccessibility of PTEs.
Comments
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.