Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 537604
Title Magnetite synthesis from ferrous iron solution at pH 6.8 in a continuous stirred tank reactor
Author(s) Mos, Yvonne M.; Bertens Zorzano, Karin; Buisman, Cees J.N.; Weijma, Jan
Source Water Science and Technology 77 (2018)7. - ISSN 0273-1223 - p. 1870 - 1878.
Department(s) Sub-department of Environmental Technology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) CSTR - Groundwater - Iron removal - Magnetite - Nitrate - Oxygen

Partial oxidation of defined Fe2+ solutions is a well-known method for magnetite synthesis in batch systems. The partial oxidation method could serve as basis for an iron removal process in drinking water production, yielding magnetite (Fe3O4) as a compact and valuable product. As a first step toward such a process, a series of experiments was carried out, in which magnetite was synthesized from an Fe2+ solution in a 2 L continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) at atmospheric pressure and 32 °C. In four experiments, elevating the pH from an initial value of 5.5 or 6.0 to a final value of 6.8, 7.0 or 7.5 caused green rust to form, eventually leading to magnetite. Formation of NH4 + in the reactor indicated that NO3 and subsequently NO2 served as the oxidant. However, mass flow analysis revealed an influx of O2 to the reactor. In a subsequent experiment, magnetite formation was achieved in the absence of added nitrate. In another experiment, seeding with magnetite particles led to additional magnetite precipitation without the need for a pH elevation step. Our results show, for the first time, that continuous magnetite formation from an Fe2+ solution is possible under mild conditions, without the need for extensive addition of chemicals.

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