Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 538250
Title Forest-rainfall cascades buffer against drought across the Amazon
Author(s) Staal, Arie; Tuinenburg, Obbe A.; Bosmans, Joyce H.C.; Holmgren, Milena; Nes, Egbert H. van; Scheffer, Marten; Zemp, Delphine Clara; Dekker, Stefan C.
Source Nature Climate Change 8 (2018)6. - ISSN 1758-678X - p. 539 - 543.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0177-y
Department(s) Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
PE&RC
Resource Ecology
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract

Tree transpiration in the Amazon may enhance rainfall for downwind forests. Until now it has been unclear how this cascading effect plays out across the basin. Here, we calculate local forest transpiration and the subsequent trajectories of transpired water through the atmosphere in high spatial and temporal detail. We estimate that one-third of Amazon rainfall originates within its own basin, of which two-thirds has been transpired. Forests in the southern half of the basin contribute most to the stability of other forests in this way, whereas forests in the south-western Amazon are particularly dependent on transpired-water subsidies. These forest-rainfall cascades buffer the effects of drought and reveal a mechanism by which deforestation can compromise the resilience of the Amazon forest system in the face of future climatic extremes.

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