|Title||Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia|
|Author(s)||Utomo, Ariane; Mcdonald, Peter; Utomo, Iwu; Cahyadi, Nur; Sparrow, Robert|
|Source||Social Science and Medicine (2018). - ISSN 0277-9536|
Development Economics Group
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Ageing - Demography - Indonesia - Rural - Social engagement|
Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively “old” villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so. A negative educational gradient in the likelihood of work participation suggests that needs for income security is a driver of the elderly's work participation. The notion of promoting active ageing, as typically understood in the Western and/or urban contexts, is of secondary importance to health care provision and managing old-age disability in these ageing rural communities.