Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 538839
Title Enhancing vitamin B12 in lupin tempeh by in situ fortification
Author(s) Wolkers–Rooijackers, Judith C.M.; Endika, Martha F.; Smid, Eddy J.
Source Food Science and Technology = Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie 96 (2018). - ISSN 0023-6438 - p. 513 - 518.
Department(s) Food Microbiology Laboratory
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Lupin - Propionibacterium freudenreichii - Rhizopus oryzae - Tempeh - Vitamin B

Tempeh is a traditional, fungal fermented Indonesian product, usually made from soybeans. Tempeh is known to contain vitamin B12 which is essential for a healthy human diet. Therefore, tempeh is of particular interest for vegan diets since B12 is normally found only in animal derived products. The vitamin B12 in tempeh is associated with the presence of opportunistic pathogens like Klebsiella pneumoniae. Levels of B12 in tempeh do not sustain the recommended daily intake though. In addition, the use of a food-grade bacterium instead of K. pneumoniae is preferred. Lupin can serve as alternative substrate for soybeans due to its similar protein content, resulting in ‘lupin tempeh’. In this study, Propionibacterium freudenreichii, a food-grade, vitamin B12 producing bacterium, was used in co-culture with Rhizopus oryzae to produce B12-enriched lupin tempeh. A significant increase of vitamin B12 content (up to 0.97 μg/100 g) was achieved by fermenting lupin using a mixed starter of R. oryzae and P. freudenreichii. Other parameters, such as texture and volatile organic compounds, were not affected by the bacterial co-inoculation. Therefore, these results are promising for in situ vitamin B12 fortification of lupin tempeh making it a sustainable protein source for a healthy human diet.

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