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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 539164
Title Perspectives on Non-Wood Forest Product Development in Europe
Author(s) Wiersum, K.F.; Wong, J.L.G.; Vacik, H.
Source International Forestry Review 20 (2018)2. - ISSN 1465-5489 - p. 250 - 262.
Department(s) Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract Within Europe new interests in the role and importance of non-wood forest products (NWFPs) are developing. This article analyses emerging perspectives on NWFP development in Europe and relates these to four main issues effecting NWFP developments in tropical countries: diversity in the contribution of NWFPs to (rural) livelihoods, centrality of culture, the gradient from NWFP extraction to monocultural cultivation, and the importance of local and regional markets. Whereas in tropical countries much attention has been given to the role of NWFPs as a basic livelihood asset, in European countries the focus is increasingly oriented on NWFPs as niche-marketed products or as well-being products
embedded in recreation and pedagogic services. Four main development orientations may be distinguished. These are not uniformly distributed
over Europe. Depending on socio-economic, cultural and ecological conditions five European regions with different characteristics in respect to NWFP use and development are identified.
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