|Title||Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) may have an impact on acute pancreatitis (AP) development : A prospective study in populations of AP patients and alcohol-abuse controls|
|Author(s)||Cieślińska, Anna; Kostyra, Elżbieta; Fiedorowicz, Ewa; Snarska, Jadwiga; Kordulewska, Natalia; Kiper, Krzysztof; Savelkoul, Huub F.J.|
|Source||International Journal of Molecular Sciences 19 (2018)7. - ISSN 1661-6596|
Cell Biology and Immunology
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Acute pancreatitis - Polymorphism - SNP analysis - Vitamin D - Vitamin D receptor|
Vitamin D imbalance is suggested to be associated with the development of pancreatitis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), Apa-1, Bsm-1, Fok-1, and Taq-1, in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) are known in various diseases, but not yet in pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to explore possible associations of the four SNPs in the VDR receptor gene in a population of acute pancreatitis patients and alcohol-abuse controls, and to investigate the association with acute pancreatitis (AP) susceptibility. The study population (n = 239) included acute pancreatitis patients (n = 129) and an alcohol-abuse control group (n = 110). All patients met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV) criteria for alcohol dependence. DNA was extracted from peripheral leukocytes and analyzed for VDR polymorphisms using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression analysis. To date, we have found allele T in Taq-1 (OR = 2.61; 95% CI: 1.68–4.03; p < 0.0001) to be almost three times more frequent in the AP group compared to the alcohol-abuse control patients. Polymorphism Taq-1 occurring in the vitamin D receptor may have an impact on the development of acute pancreatitis due to the lack of the protective role of vitamin D.