|Title||Tissue Metabolic Changes Drive Cytokine Responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis|
|Author(s)||Lachmandas, Ekta; Rios-Miguel, Ana B.; Koeken, Valerie A.C.M.; Pasch, Eva van der; Kumar, Vinod; Matzaraki, Vasiliki; Li, Yang; Oosting, Marije; Joosten, Leo A.B.; Notebaart, Richard A.; Noursadeghi, Mahdad; Netea, Mihai G.; Crevel, Reinout van; Pollara, Gabriele|
|Source||The Journal of Infectious Diseases 218 (2018)1. - ISSN 0022-1899 - p. 165 - 170.|
|Department(s)||Food Microbiology Laboratory|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||cytokines - functional genomics - human challenge model - immune response - immunometabolism - metabolism - microarrays - transcriptomics - tuberculosis|
Cellular metabolism can influence host immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Using a systems biology approach, differential expression of 292 metabolic genes involved in glycolysis, glutathione, pyrimidine, and inositol phosphate pathways was evident at the site of a human tuberculin skin test challenge in patients with active tuberculosis infection. For 28 metabolic genes, we identified single nucleotide polymorphisms that were trans-acting for in vitro cytokine responses to M. tuberculosis stimulation, including glutathione and pyrimidine metabolism genes that alter production of Th1 and Th17 cytokines. Our findings identify novel therapeutic targets in host metabolism that may shape protective immunity to tuberculosis.