Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 539640
Title An acidic model pro-peptide affects the secondary structure, membrane interactions and antimicrobial activity of a crotalicidin fragment
Author(s) Júnior, Nelson G.O.; Cardoso, Marlon H.; Cândido, Elizabete S.; Broek, Danielle van den; Lange, Niek de; Velikova, Nadya; Kleijn, J.M.; Wells, Jerry M.; Rezende, Taia M.B.; Franco, Octávio Luiz; Vries, Renko de
Source Scientific Reports 8 (2018)1. - ISSN 2045-2322
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-29444-0
Department(s) Physical Chemistry and Soft Matter
Host Microbe Interactomics
VLAG
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract

In order to study how acidic pro-peptides inhibit the antimicrobial activity of antimicrobial peptides, we introduce a simple model system, consisting of a 19 amino-acid long antimicrobial peptide, and an N-terminally attached, 10 amino-acid long acidic model pro-peptide. The antimicrobial peptide is a fragment of the crotalicidin peptide, a member of the cathelidin family, from rattlesnake venom. The model pro-peptide is a deca (glutamic acid). Attachment of the model pro-peptide only leads to a moderately large reduction in the binding to- and induced leakage of model liposomes, while the antimicrobial activity of the crotalicidin fragment is completely inhibited by attaching the model pro-peptide. Attaching the pro-peptide induces a conformational change to a more helical conformation, while there are no signs of intra- or intermolecular peptide complexation. We conclude that inhibition of antimicrobial activity by the model pro-peptide might be related to a conformational change induced by the pro-peptide domain, and that additional effects beyond induced changes in membrane activity must also be involved.

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