Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 540683
Title Landscape-scale forest cover increases the abundance of Drosophila suzukii and parasitoid wasps
Author(s) Haro-Barchin, Eduardo; Scheper, Jeroen; Ganuza, Cristina; Groot, G.A. de; Colombari, Fernanda; Kats, Ruud van; Kleijn, David
Source Basic and Applied Ecology 31 (2018). - ISSN 1439-1791 - p. 33 - 43.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2018.07.003
Department(s) Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology
Alterra - Animal ecology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Agri-environmental schemes - Agroecosystems - Conservation biological control - Drosophila suzukii - Ecosystem services - Invasive species - Landscape complexity - Natural enemies - Parasitoid wasp - Semi-natural habitat
Abstract

Agricultural landscapes rich in natural and semi-natural habitats promote biodiversity and important ecosystem services for crops such as pest control. However, semi-natural habitats may fail to deliver these services if agricultural pests are disconnected from the available pool of natural enemies, as may be the case with invasive species. This study aimed to provide insights into the relationship between landscape complexity and the abundance of the recently established invasive pest species Drosophila suzukii and a group of natural enemies (parasitoid wasps), which contain species that parasitize D. suzukii in native and invaded ecosystems. The importance of landscape complexity was examined at two spatial scales. At the field scale, the response to introduction of wildflower strips was analysed, while the relationship with forest cover was assessed at the landscape scale. Half of the surveys were done next to blueberry crops (Vaccinium corymbosum), the other half was done in landscapes without fruit crops to examine effects of D. suzukii host presence. As expected, the number of observed parasitoid wasps increased with amount of forest surrounding the blueberry fields, but the number of D. suzukii individuals likewise increased with forest cover. Establishment of wildflower strips did not significantly affect the abundance of D. suzukii or parasitoid wasps and insect phenology was similar in landscapes with and without blueberry crops. This suggests that D. suzukii is enhanced by landscape complexity and is largely unlinked from the species group that, in its native range, hosts key natural enemies. Although management practices that rely on enhancing natural enemies through habitat manipulations can contribute to the long-term stability of agroecosystems and to control agricultural pests, other control measures may still be necessary in the short term to counteract the benefits obtained by D. suzukii from natural habitats.

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