Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 540974
Title Farmers show complex and contrasting perceptions on ecosystem services and their management
Author(s) Teixeira, Heitor Mancini; Vermue, Ardjan J.; Cardoso, Irene Maria; Peña Claros, Marielos; Bianchi, Felix J.J.A.
Source Ecosystem Services 33 (2018). - ISSN 2212-0416 - p. 44 - 58.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.08.006
Department(s) Farming Systems Ecology
CS Wageningen International
Forest Ecology and Forest Management
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Agroecology - Agroecosystems - Biodiversity - Brazil - Fuzzy cognitive maps
Abstract

Agricultural systems are complex socio-ecological systems that are managed by farmers to achieve desired outcomes, including food production and other ecosystem services (ES). While farm management is a key factor for ES provision, farmers may widely differ in their awareness, ambition and skills to manage their systems. Currently there is a lack of understanding of farmers’ perception on ES, and how this is related to their management. We studied the management and perception of large scale farmers, conventional family farmers and agroecological family farmers in the Zona de Mata region in Brazil. Farmers were interviewed and constructed fuzzy cognitive maps (FCM) of their perception on ES. The FCM analysis revealed that in general, the perception of farmers on ES is highly complex and interconnected. Yet, agroecological family farmers showed a more complex perception on ES, which is associated with more diversified and autonomous agroecosystems. Both agroecological and conventional family farmers had a strong peasant identity, recognising more cultural ecosystem services than large scale farmers and relied more on production for consumption. Initiatives that aim to strengthen on-farm ecosystem services provision should be sensitive to farmer's perceptions and may need to consider using specific strategies for different farmer types.

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