Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 540990
Title Use and management of biodiversity by smallholder farmers in semi-arid West Africa
Author(s) Félix, Georges F.; Diedhiou, Ibrahima; Garff, Marie Le; Timmermann, Cristian; Clermont-Dauphin, Cathy; Cournac, Laurent; Groot, Jeroen C.J.; Tittonell, Pablo
Source Global Food Security 18 (2018). - ISSN 2211-9124 - p. 76 - 85.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2018.08.005
Department(s) Farming Systems Ecology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Agroforestry - Ecological engineering - Intercropping - Nutritional functional diversity - Termites
Abstract

Strategies that strengthen and use biodiversity are crucial for sustained food production and livelihoods in semi-arid West Africa. The objective of this paper was to examine the role of biodiversity in sustaining diverse forms of multifunctional farming practices while at the same time providing ecological services to subsistence-oriented farming families in the region of study through mechanisms as (a) crop species diversification, (b) management of spatial heterogeneity, and (c) diversification of nutrition-sensitive landscapes. Our analysis shows that crop associations between cereals and legumes or between perennials and annuals, have overall positive effects on soil characteristics and often improve crop yields. Soil heterogeneity is produced by woody perennials and termites. Local management provides opportunities to collect a diversity of nutrition-rich species year-round and sustain household nutrition.

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