Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 541364
Title Multiple facets of biodiversity drive the diversity–stability relationship
Author(s) Craven, Dylan; Eisenhauer, Nico; Pearse, William D.; Hautier, Yann; Isbell, Forest; Roscher, Christiane; Bahn, Michael; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Bönisch, Gerhard; Buchmann, Nina; Byun, Chaeho; Catford, Jane A.; Cerabolini, Bruno E.L.; Cornelissen, J.H.C.; Craine, Joseph M.; Luca, Enrica De; Ebeling, Anne; Griffin, John N.; Hector, Andy; Hines, Jes; Jentsch, Anke; Kattge, Jens; Kreyling, Jürgen; Lanta, Vojtech; Lemoine, Nathan; Meyer, Sebastian T.; Minden, Vanessa; Onipchenko, Vladimir; Polley, H.W.; Reich, Peter B.; Ruijven, Jasper van; Schamp, Brandon; Smith, Melinda D.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Tilman, David; Weigelt, Alexandra; Wilsey, Brian; Manning, Peter
Source Nature Ecology & Evolution 2 (2018). - ISSN 2397-334X - p. 1579 - 1587.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0647-7
Department(s) Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract

A substantial body of evidence has demonstrated that biodiversity stabilizes ecosystem functioning over time in grassland ecosystems. However, the relative importance of different facets of biodiversity underlying the diversity–stability relationship remains unclear. Here we use data from 39 grassland biodiversity experiments and structural equation modelling to investigate the roles of species richness, phylogenetic diversity and both the diversity and community-weighted mean of functional traits representing the ‘fast–slow’ leaf economics spectrum in driving the diversity–stability relationship. We found that high species richness and phylogenetic diversity stabilize biomass production via enhanced asynchrony in the performance of co-occurring species. Contrary to expectations, low phylogenetic diversity enhances ecosystem stability directly, albeit weakly. While the diversity of fast–slow functional traits has a weak effect on ecosystem stability, communities dominated by slow species enhance ecosystem stability by increasing mean biomass production relative to the standard deviation of biomass over time. Our in-depth, integrative assessment of factors influencing the diversity–stability relationship demonstrates a more multicausal relationship than has been previously acknowledged.

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