Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 541406
Title Three pillars of sustainability in fisheries
Author(s) Asche, F.; Garlock, Taryn M.; Anderson, J.L.; Bush, S.R.; Smith, Martin D.; Anderson, Christopher M.; Chu, Jingjie; Garrett, K.A.; Lem, Audun; Lorenzen, K.; Oglend, Atle; Tveteras, Sigbjorn; Vannuccini, Stefania
Source Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115 (2018)44. - ISSN 0027-8424 - p. 11221 - 11225.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1807677115
Department(s) WIMEK
WASS
Environmental Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) seafood - sustainability - social - economic - environmental
Abstract Sustainability of global fisheries is a growing concern. The United Nations has identified three pillars of sustainability: economic development, social development, and environmental protection. The fisheries literature suggests that there are two key trade-offs among these pillars of sustainability. First, poor ecological health of a fishery reduces economic profits for fishers, and second, economic profitability of individual fishers undermines the social objectives of fishing communities. Although recent research has shown that management can reconcile ecological and economic objectives, there are lingering concerns about achieving positive social outcomes. We examined trade-offs among the three pillars of sustainability by analyzing the Fishery Performance Indicators, a unique dataset that scores 121 distinct fishery systems worldwide on 68 metrics categorized by social, economic, or ecological outcomes. For each of the 121 fishery systems, we averaged the outcome measures to create overall scores for economic, ecological, and social performance. We analyzed the scores and found that they were positively associated in the full sample. We divided the data into subsamples that correspond to fisheries management systems with three categories of access—open access, access rights, and harvest rights—and performed a similar analysis. Our results show that economic, social, and ecological objectives are at worst independent and are mutually reinforcing in both types of managed fisheries. The implication is that rights-based management systems should not be rejected on the basis of potentially negative social outcomes; instead, social considerations should be addressed in the design of these systems.
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