Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 541502
Title One-Pot Gram-Scale Synthesis of Hydrogen-Terminated Silicon Nanoparticles
Author(s) Pujari, Sidharam P.; Driss, Hafedh; Bannani, Fatma; Lagen, Barend van; Zuilhof, Han
Source Chemistry of materials (2018). - ISSN 0897-4756 - p. 6503 - 6512.
Department(s) Laboratory for Organic Chemistry
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018

Silicon nanoparticles (Si NPs) are highly attractive materials for typical quantum dots functions, such as in light-emitting and bioimaging applications, owing to silicon's intrinsic merits of minimal toxicity, low cost, high abundance, and easy and highly stable functionalization. Especially nonoxidized Si NPs with a covalently bound coating serve well in these respects, given the minimization of surface defects upon hydrosilylation of H-terminated Si NPs. However, to date, methods to obtain such H-terminated Si NPs are still not easy. Herein, we report a new synthetic method to produce size-tunable robust, highly crystalline H-terminated Si NPs (4-9 nm) using microwave irradiation within 5 min at temperatures between 25 and 200 °C and their further covalent functionalization. The key step to obtain highly fluorescent (quantum yield of 7-16%) green-red Si NPs in one simple step is the reduction of triethoxysilane and (+)-sodium l-ascorbate, yielding routinely ∼1 g of H-Si NPs via a highly scalable route in 5-15 min. Subsequent functionalization via hydrosilylation yielded Si NPs with an emission quantum yield of 12-14%. This approach can be used to easily produce high-quality H-Si NPs in gram-scale quantities, which brings the application of functionalized Si NPs significantly closer.

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