|Title||Interleukin-37 treatment of mice with metabolic syndrome improves insulin sensitivity and reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production in adipose tissue|
|Author(s)||Ballak, Dov B.; Li, Suzhao; Cavalli, Giulio; Stahl, Jonathan L.; Tengesdal, Isak W.; Diepen, Janna A. van; Klück, Viola; Swartzwelter, Benjamin; Azam, Tania; Tack, Cees J.; Stienstra, Rinke; Mandrup-Poulsen, Thomas; Seals, Douglas R.; Dinarello, Charles A.|
|Source||Journal of Biological Chemistry 293 (2018)37. - ISSN 0021-9258 - p. 14224 - 14236.|
Chair Nutrition Metabolism and Genomics
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome are characterized by chronic, low-grade inflammation mainly originating from expanding adipose tissue and resulting in inhibition of insulin signaling and disruption of glycemic control.Transgenic mice expressing human interleukin 37 (IL-37),an anti-inflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 family,are protected against metabolic syndrome when fed a high-fat diet (HFD) containing 45% fat. Here, we examined whether treatment with recombinant IL-37 ameliorates established insulin resistance and obesity-induced inflammation. WT mice were fed a HFD for 22 weeks and then treated daily with IL-37 (1 ug/mouse) during the last 2 weeks. Compared with vehicle only-treated mice, IL-37-treated mice exhibited reduced insulin in the plasma and had significant improvements in glucose tolerance and in insulin content of the islets.The IL-37 treatment also increased the levels of circulating IL-1 receptor antagonist. Cultured adipose tissues revealed that IL-37 treatment significantly decreases spontaneous secretions of IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and CXC motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL-1). We also fed mice a 60% fat diet with concomitant daily IL-37 for 2 weeks and observed decreased secretion of IL-1β, TNFα, and IL-6 and reduced intracellular levels of IL-1β in the liver and adipose tissue, along with improved plasma glucose clearance. Compared with vehicle treatment, these IL-37-treated mice had no apparent weight gain. In human adipose tissue cultures, the presence of 50 pM IL-37 reduced spontaneous release of TNF and 50% of lipopolysaccharide-induced TNFα. These findings indicate that IL-37's anti-inflammatory effects can ameliorate established metabolic disturbances during obesity.