|Title||A systematic review of research on biodiversity in European livestock systems|
|Author(s)||Kok, A.; Boer, I.J.M. de; Ripoll Bosch, R.|
|Source||In: Book of Abstracts of the 69th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science. - Wageningen Academic Publishers (EAAP Book of Abstracts ) - ISBN 9789086863235 - p. 342 - 342.|
|Event||EAAP 2018 : 69th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science, Dubrovnik, 2018-08-27/2018-08-31|
Animal Production Systems
|Publication type||Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings|
|Abstract||The decline of biodiversity is a major concern to scientists, society, and policy makers in the European union (EU). The EU Biodiversity Strategy (2010) aims to halt the loss of biodiversity in the EU by 2020. One target to reach this aim is to increase the contribution of agriculture to maintain and enhance biodiversity. According to reports, however, no significant overall progress has been made to meet this target. Moreover, agriculture is both reported to reduce and to enhance biodiversity. To enhance biodiversity in agriculture, we need to understand how biodiversity is measured in the existing studies, and to map relations between agricultural land use and biodiversity. We aimed to
(1) review indicators used in science to measure biodiversity in EU livestock systems, and (2) to review described effects of livestock on biodiversity. We conducted a systematic review in Scopus and Web of Science. The search for research articles that assessed impacts of livestock on biodiversity yielded 857 articles after deduplication, which was narrowed down to 163 relevant articles. Species abundance and species diversity were commonly used state indicators of biodiversity across scales. Modelling studies also used aggregated indicators with biodiversity values that were directly linked to land use. Most studies focussed on the impact of grazing ruminants on biodiversity, either for food production or nature conservation purposes. Pigs and poultry were mainly studied in relation to local ammonia emissions. Only few studies considered impacts of land use for feed production on biodiversity. We argue that the traditional pressure-state-response framework to categorize indicators of biodiversity does not provide clear actions to enhance biodiversity in agriculture. Instead, we propose the use of comparators (e.g. grazing intensity levels) in relation with state measures of biodiversity. This review can help to identify commonly used indicators of biodiversity, and provide insight in quantitative relations between agricultural land use and biodiversity.