Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 543287
Title Offshore Wind Farms as Potential Locations for Flat Oyster (Ostrea edulis) Restoration in the Dutch North Sea
Author(s) Kamermans, Pauline; Walles, Brenda; Kraan, Marloes; Duren, Luca van; Kleissen, Frank; Have, Tom van der; Smaal, Aad; Poelman, Marnix
Source Sustainability 10 (2018)11. - ISSN 2071-1050
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113942
Department(s) WIAS
IMARES Regiostation Yerseke
Environmental Policy
IMARES Onderzoeksformatie
Aquaculture and Fisheries
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Ostrea edulis - native oyster restoration - North Sea - site selection - pilot study - offshore wind farms
Abstract The “Dutch Energy Agreement” motivates governments and industries to invest in renewable energy sources, of which offshore wind energy is one of the solutions to meet the agreed target of 16% of the total energy budget from renewable resources by 2023. An option for the multi-use of wind farms is nature-inclusive building, in which the design and construction of wind farms make use of the potential for co-design with oyster bed restoration. This can support the government’s ambitions, for the Dutch North Sea, to achieve biodiversity goals, restore ecosystem functions, and enhance ecosystem services, including future seafood production. For the recovery of flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) beds, knowledge is required about the conditions under which active restoration of this species in the North Sea can be successfully implemented. This paper gives a framework and presents results to determine suitability of wind farms for flat oyster restoration, and provides recommendations for pilot studies. Our analysis showed that a number of wind farms in the Dutch section of the North Sea are suitable locations for development of flat oyster beds. Combining oyster restoration and oyster culture, as a protein source, is a viable option worth investigating.
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