Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 543387
Title Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements
Author(s) Elbersen, H.W.; Lammens, T.M.; Alankangas, E.A.; Annevelink, E.; Harmsen, P.F.H.; Elbersen, B.S.
Source In: Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains / Panoutsou, C., Academic Press - ISBN 9780128123034 - p. 55 - 78.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812303-4.00003-3
Department(s) FBR BP Biorefinery & Sustainable Value Chains
Alterra - Earth informatics
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2017
Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass consists mostly of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose, and to a more or lesser extent other plant components such as sugars, starch, acids, fats, and oils, and last but not least water (moisture) and ash. Quality is essentially a set of biomass characteristics that determine the value of that biomass type for a certain conversion system. Fundamental biomass quality characteristics determine if biomass can be matched to a conversion system. We distinguish “fundamental” biomass characteristics from thermal conversion to be chlorine and ash content and ash melting temperature. For biological conversion, carbohydrate and lignin are the most relevant, while for anaerobic digestion biogas yield and digestate applicability are the most important. Other quality characteristics can more easily be adjusted such as particle size, moisture content, and bulk density. It is important to understand what determines the quality composition of biomass so that quality can be optimized. Plant type, plant part, soil type, time of harvest can determine that quality.
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