|Title||Environmental conditions alter the effect of organic acid salts on digestibility and intestinal morphology in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)|
|Author(s)||Tran-Ngoc, Kim T.; Huynh, Son T.; Sendão, João; Nguyen, Thinh H.; Roem, Arjen J.; Verreth, Johan A.J.; Schrama, Johan W.|
|Source||Aquaculture Nutrition 25 (2019)1. - ISSN 1353-5773 - p. 134 - 144.|
Aquaculture and Fisheries
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||digestibility - hypoxia - intestinal morphology - normoxia - organic acid - soybean meal diet|
The impact of two dietary organic acids (OAs) on nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology was determined in Nile tilapia under conditions of dissolved oxygen in the water: normoxia and hypoxia. Four diets designated as control (0 g/kg organic acid salt), KDF (2 g/kg potassium diformate), CAB (2 g/kg calcium butyrate) and their combination (4 g/kg of a mixture of KDF and CAB, ration 1:1) were formulated with 520 g/kg of soybean meal in order to produce soybean meal enteritis-like symptoms. The four diets were tested first under normoxic conditions (6 mg/L) for a period of 5 weeks, followed by a test period under hypoxic conditions (3 mg/L). The results showed that OAs were unable to significantly improve growth and nutrient digestibility under normoxic conditions but under hypoxic conditions, there was a significant enhancement of the growth and nutrient digestibility. Fish fed OA-supplemented diets showed improvements in the intestinal morphology under the normoxic conditions, and these effects were more pronounced under the hypoxic conditions. Experimental findings suggest that OAs can improve the nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology under hypoxic conditions. A synergistic effect by the combination of formic and butyric acid on growth, digestibility and intestinal morphology was not found.