|Title||Partially folded conformation of the (30-51) intermediate in the disulphide folding pathway of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor : 1H and 15N resonance assignments and determination of backbone dynamics from 15N relaxation measurements|
|Author(s)||Mierlo, Carlo P.M. van; Darby, Nigel J.; Keeler, James; Neuhaus, David; Creighton, Thomas E.|
|Source||Journal of Molecular Biology 229 (1993)4. - ISSN 0022-2836 - p. 1125 - 1146.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) - Disulphide bonds - Folding intermediate - NMR - Protein folding|
An analogue of the important folding intermediate of BPTI with only the disulphide bond between Cys30 and Cys51 has been characterized by 1H and 15N NMR techniques. In particular, the dynamics of the polypeptide backbone were characterized using (1H)-15N NOE and 15N T1 and T2 relaxation data. The intermediate is partially folded, with part of the polypeptide chain stably folded and the remainder flexible or unfolded. The folded portion consists of the major elements of native-like secondary structure interacting through the hydrophobic core of the molecule. The 15N relaxation data show that the N-terminal 15 residues are very flexible, and the (1H,1H) NOESY data show that these residues have no NOE interactions with the remainder of the molecule. The segment of residues 37 to 41 is also flexible. These observations explain why during folding this intermediate most readily forms any of the possible disulphide bonds between Cys5, Cys14 and Cys38, including the non-native 5-14 and 5-38 bonds. The native-like folded portion of the molecule limits the possible disulphide bonds that can be formed to those in the remainder of the polypeptide chain. Also, forming the non-native disulphide bonds need not involve any disruption of that folded structure, as the Cys residues involved are in flexible regions of the molecule.