Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 543734
Title Effect of warming profile at the onset of incubation on early embryonic mortality in long stored broiler eggs
Author(s) Roovert-Reijrink, I.A.M. van; Pol, C.W. van der; Molenaar, R.; Brand, H. van den
Source Poultry Science 97 (2018)11. - ISSN 0032-5791 - p. 4083 - 4092.
Department(s) WIAS
Adaptation Physiology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018

In 6 experiments, it was investigated whether the pattern of warming from storage temperature to incubation temperature affects early embryonic mortality in broiler eggs. The warming profile (WP) from 21°C to the final incubation temperature of 37.8°C was divided into 2 equal parts (above and below 29.4°C) and the duration of warming in both parts was varied (3 to 17 h). In all experiments, eggs were stored for 13 to 16 d at a storage temperature of 18±2°C. In experiment 1, embryo morphology was evaluated at several time points during a linear warming curve of 24 h from 21°C to an eggshell temperature (EST) of 37.8°C. Results from experiment 1 showed that during the 24 h of warming, embryos did not advance in morphological stage (P = 0.74).Results of experiment 2 and 3 showed that the duration of the WP below 29.4°C (3 to 17 h) had no effect on early embryonic mortality (P ≥ 0.77). Experiment 4 and 6 showed that in eggs from prime breeders, a slow WP (>12 h) above 29.4°C resulted in lower embryonic mortality during the first 2 d of incubation (on average 5.0%) compared to a fast WP of 3 to 6 h (on average 11.3%). In experiment 6, an interaction was found between WP and breeder flock age for embryonic mortality till day 7 of incubation (P = 0.002). Warming profile did not affect embryonic mortality during the first 7 d of incubation in eggs from the young breeder flock. However, in eggs from the prime breeder flock, a WP of 12 h in the first part of warming, followed by 17 h in the second part of warming (WP12-17) had 6.2% lower embryonic mortality in the first 7 d of incubation compared to WP12-3. It can be concluded that a slower WP above 29.4°C reduces early embryonic mortality in long stored eggs, especially those of prime breeder flocks. At this moment, it remains unclear which mechanisms are involved in this phenomenon.

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