Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 543857
Title Longitudinal study of ESBL Escherichia coli carriage on an organic broiler farm
Author(s) Hoek, Angela H.A.M. van; Veenman, Christiaan; Florijn, Alice; Huijbers, Patricia M.C.; Graat, Elisabeth A.M.; Greeff, Sabine de; Dierikx, Cindy M.; Duijkeren, Engeline van
Source Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 73 (2018)12. - ISSN 0305-7453 - p. 3298 - 3304.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dky362
Department(s) Adaptation Physiology
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract

Objectives: To determine the molecular characteristics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E) collected during a longitudinal study on an organic broiler farm in order to investigate clonal expansion and horizontal gene transfer. Methods: Isolates were obtained from a longitudinal study performed previously on an organic broiler fattening farm. Samples from individually followed-up broilers, the broiler house, the transport van and persons that took the samples, taken at several timepoints (days 1, 3, 4, 7, 10, 42 and 70) within a production round and during the consecutive one (days 1, 2, 3 and 70), had been investigated for the occurrence of ESBL-E. In the current study, ESBL genes and MLST STs of these ESBL-E were determined. Plasmids were characterized and subtyped. Results: On arrival in round_1, ESBL-E of ST88 predominated, while on days 3, 4, 7 and 10 ST10 was most often found and at slaughter age ST155 and ST1551 prevailed. A shift in STs was also observed in round_2. None of the 35 individually selected broilers followed up in round_1 was positive for the same ESBL-E ST at all sampling times. All isolates carried CTX-M-1 group genes, confirmed as blaCTX-M-1 in 158 isolates. Further analysis of 36 isolates of different STs showed blaCTX-M-1 on IncI1/ST3 plasmids. Conclusions: The rapid dissemination of ESBL-E on this broiler farm was not due to the spread of one specific E. coli clone, but most likely the result of horizontal transfer of an IncI1/ST3 plasmid carrying blaCTX-M-1 resulting in a shift in the predominant ESBL-E population in broilers.

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