|Title||Longitudinal study of ESBL Escherichia coli carriage on an organic broiler farm|
|Author(s)||Hoek, Angela H.A.M. van; Veenman, Christiaan; Florijn, Alice; Huijbers, Patricia M.C.; Graat, Elisabeth A.M.; Greeff, Sabine de; Dierikx, Cindy M.; Duijkeren, Engeline van|
|Source||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 73 (2018)12. - ISSN 0305-7453 - p. 3298 - 3304.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
Objectives: To determine the molecular characteristics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E) collected during a longitudinal study on an organic broiler farm in order to investigate clonal expansion and horizontal gene transfer. Methods: Isolates were obtained from a longitudinal study performed previously on an organic broiler fattening farm. Samples from individually followed-up broilers, the broiler house, the transport van and persons that took the samples, taken at several timepoints (days 1, 3, 4, 7, 10, 42 and 70) within a production round and during the consecutive one (days 1, 2, 3 and 70), had been investigated for the occurrence of ESBL-E. In the current study, ESBL genes and MLST STs of these ESBL-E were determined. Plasmids were characterized and subtyped. Results: On arrival in round_1, ESBL-E of ST88 predominated, while on days 3, 4, 7 and 10 ST10 was most often found and at slaughter age ST155 and ST1551 prevailed. A shift in STs was also observed in round_2. None of the 35 individually selected broilers followed up in round_1 was positive for the same ESBL-E ST at all sampling times. All isolates carried CTX-M-1 group genes, confirmed as blaCTX-M-1 in 158 isolates. Further analysis of 36 isolates of different STs showed blaCTX-M-1 on IncI1/ST3 plasmids. Conclusions: The rapid dissemination of ESBL-E on this broiler farm was not due to the spread of one specific E. coli clone, but most likely the result of horizontal transfer of an IncI1/ST3 plasmid carrying blaCTX-M-1 resulting in a shift in the predominant ESBL-E population in broilers.