Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 551009
Title Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds
Author(s) Huang, Zheng Y.X.; Xu, Chi; Langevelde, Frank van; Ma, Yuying; Langendoen, Tom; Mundkur, Taej; Si, Yali; Tian, Huaiyu; Kraus, Robert H.S.; Gilbert, Marius; Han, Guan Zhu; Ji, Xiang; Prins, Herbert H.T.; Boer, Willem F. de
Source Journal of Animal Ecology 88 (2019)7. - ISSN 0021-8790 - p. 1044 - 1053.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12997
Department(s) PE&RC
Resource Ecology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) avian influenza - community composition - dilution effect - diversity–disease relationship - phylogenetic distance - waterfowl
Abstract

Studies on the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 suggest that wild bird migration may facilitate its long-distance spread, yet the role of wild bird community composition in its transmission risk remains poorly understood. Furthermore, most studies on the diversity–disease relationship focused on host species diversity without considering hosts’ phylogenetic relationships, which may lead to rejecting a species diversity effect when the community has host species that are only distantly related. Here, we explored the influence of waterbird community composition for determining HPAI H5N1 occurrence in wild birds in a continental-scale study across Europe. In particular, we tested the diversity–disease relationship using both host species diversity and host phylogenetic diversity. Our results provide the first demonstration that host community composition—compared with previously identified environmental risk factors—can also effectively explain the spatial pattern of H5N1 occurrence in wild birds. We further show that communities with more higher risk host species and more closely related species have a higher risk of H5N1 outbreaks. Thus, both host species diversity and community phylogenetic structure, in addition to environmental factors, jointly influence H5N1 occurrence. Our work not only extends the current theory on the diversity–disease relationship, but also has important implications for future monitoring of H5N1 and other HPAI subtypes.

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