Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 552535
Title Explaining the “Certification Gap” for Different Types of Oil Palm Smallholders in Riau Province, Indonesia
Author(s) Hutabarat, Sakti; Slingerland, Maja; Dries, Liesbeth
Source The Journal of Environment & Development (2019). - ISSN 1070-4965
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1070496519854505
Department(s) Plant Production Systems
PE&RC
WASS
Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Availibility Full text available from 2020-06-25
Keyword(s) certification - independent smallholders - oil palm - RSPO - scheme smallholders
Abstract

Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil, and its smallholder oil palm plantations involve more than 2.3 million farmers. The rapid expansion of the oil palm area, and resulting negative environmental and social impacts, has increased the demand for sustainability certification for palm oil products. This study investigates whether different types of smallholders face different barriers in complying with certification standards. The study uses survey data from 829 smallholders in Riau, Sumatra. First, an assessment is made of the gap between current management practices and practices required by Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil standards for different types of smallholders. Second, the article explores explanations for the gap between current and required practices. Finally, an investigation is made of the different starting points of different types of smallholders. Results indicate that the diversity between smallholders affects their prospects for certification. To date, this diversity in smallholders has not been taken into account in the application of Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil standards. This can help to explain the limited success of smallholder certifications in Indonesia.

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