Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 60629
Title Purification and properties of pyrophosphatase of Acinetobacter johnsonii 210A and its involvement in the degradation of polyphosphate
Author(s) Bonting, C.F.C.; Gerards, R.; Zehnder, A.J.B.; Kortstee, G.J.J.
Source Biodegradation 10 (1999)6. - ISSN 0923-9820 - p. 393 - 398.
Department(s) Microbiological Laboratory
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1999
Abstract Inorganic pyrophosphatase (E.C. of Acinetobacter johnsonii210A was purified 200-fold to apparent homogeneity. The enzyme catalyzedthe hydrolysis of inorganic pyrophosphate and triphosphate to orthophosphate.No activity was observed with other polyphosphates and a wide variety oforganic phosphate esters. The molecular mass of the enzyme was estimatedto be 141 kDa by gelfiltration. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gelelectrophoresis indicated a subunit composition of six identical polypeptideswith a molecular mass of 23 kDa. The cation Mg2 was required foractivity, the activity with Mn2, Co2 and Zn2 was 48, 48 and 182% of the activity observed with Mg2, respectively. The enzyme was heat-stable and inhibited by fluoride and iodoacetamide. The analysis of the kinetic properties of the enzyme revealed an apparent Km for pyrophosphate of 0.26 mM. In A. johnsonii 210A, pyrophosphatase may be involved in the degradation of high-molecular polyphosphates under anaerobic conditions: (i) it catalyses the further hydrolysis of pyrophosphate and triphosphate formed from high-molecular weight polyphosphates by the action of exopolyphosphatase, and (ii) it abolishes the inhibition of polyphosphate: AMP phosphotransferase-mediated degradation by pyrophosphate and triphosphate.
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